The discovery of coins and pottery at the site suggests that it was built in the late 4th century. Some believe that it was erected in the 2nd or 3rd century. In the synagogue, the main prayer hall features a Roman façade and column with a Greek inscription. Worshippers sat along the walls on the stone benches. Perhaps the reconstruction 5th century synagogue hides the remains of the synagogue where Jesus preached. The synagogue was originally where people congregated to learn Torah. After the destruction of the temple in Jerusalem it became a place of prayer. Carvings in the Capernaum synagogue include a Star of David, a palm, a menorah, a wagon that represents the Holy Ark and a half horse - half fish figure. Capernaum is located on the north-west shore of the Sea of Galilee. It was a chief commercial and social center of the area during the ministry of Jesus. Custom taxes were collected. Geographically it was situated on a "highway" between the land of Israel and Syria. In Capernaum Jesus came after leaving Nazareth. He lived in Peter's home for a time. At Capernaum, Jesus called Mathew from the "receipt of customs." Ruins of an octagonal-shaped structure are known as "Peters house". The remains of one of the finest and best preserved synagogues of the Galilee are in this town.